P73 1999. W. At some point in their cultural development, the Myceneans adopted the Minoan goddesses and associated these goddesses with their sky-god that the Greeks later called Zeus. ), Materiality and Social Practice: Transformative Capacities of Intercultural Encounters (Oxford 2012) 137-151. The bull was a common occurrence in the Minoan civilization. In this culturally dynamic context, architecture provided more than physical shelter; it embodied meaning. Get an answer for 'What were the major differences between the Minoan civilization and the Mycenaean civilization?' and find homework help for other Flowering of Minoan Civilization questions at As Mycenaean art was heavily influenced by Minoan art, the differences are fairly subtle. In many ways, the Mycenaean age is a synthesis of the Minoan civilization and home-grown Achaean civilization. Below is a listing of historically offered courses in the Department of the History of Art and Architecture. Much of its population, mostly craftsmen, are transferred to the region of the Peloponnese and this fact help to convey the main features of the Minoan culture elements to the Greek world. Art and Architecture. Greek architecture the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea [1] and flourished in the ancient world. Quite the same Wikipedia. ? Yahoo Minoan and Mycenaean Architecture - Minoan and Mycenaean. E. The Minoans and the Mycenaeans were not a unified, singular Greek society. 2200 BCE) at Knossos large Minoans VS Mycenaean Acropolis The Parthenon Parthenon Metopes Minoan Art Greek Pottery Sculpture and Art Architecture in ancient Greece: Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece were the biggest and most beautiful. Read the full-text online edition of A Handbook of Greek & Roman Architecture (1959). Mycenaean architecture at Pylos and its relation to Minoan architectural traditions. Medieval and Gothic. "There is a clear division between the architecture of the preceding Mycenaean culture and Minoan cultures and that of the ancient Greeks, the techniques and an understanding of their style being lost when these civilisations fell" From the Wikipedia page on Ancient Greek architecture – sempaiscuba ♦ May 6 at 19:49 What is the impact of geography, warfare and social relations on art and architecture in ancient Minoan and Mycenaean cultures? Mycenaean (Late Helladic) Art, 1600-1200 BCE Mycenaean art reflects the warlike preoccupations of the mainland Mycenaean society, both in character and in the subjects portrayed. The Minoan language is attested in writing in the Linear A script (which is the same phonetic system as the Linear B script in which IE Mycenaean Greek was written). The first palace at Knossos was destroyed by earthquake in about 1700 BCE, together with other smaller palaces. A large palace had been discovered at Krossos on the island of Crete. Ventris went on to serve in World War II and then to earn a degree in architecture. The cuirass is made up of bronze plates sewn to a leather garment. . Comparison of the plans of Knossos and Phaistos. Serpentinites have been widely used as a raw material in a huge repertoire of shapes during the Minoan period, for the construction of artifacts both for domestic use as well as for religious purposes. characteristics of political art – similarities, differences -and the way religion and government are connected. During the third millennium BC a series of invasions from the north. See the following page on Knossos - the Minoan palace Lion Gate, Mycenae, Greece, ca. Though mystery still surrounds the 16th century B. C. Limestone, relief panel 9'6" high. 2. Lykaion: An Investigation into the Late Helladic III Vessel’s Appearance at the Ash Altar of Zeus” B. (About Mycenae. ). Minoan architecture consists of several structures which acted as centers for commercial, religious, and administrative life. A Comparison of Mycenaean and Minoan Palaces developed culture for their time that took thought into their architecture Greek architecture the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. 2000 BCE until ca. The remains of Minoan culture influenced the Mycenaeans who adopted many of their clothing styles. 1 Chapter 4 The Prehistoric Aegean Gardner’s Art Through the Ages, 14e 2. A Comparison of Minoan and Mycenaean Palaces. The Minoan civilization thrived on the island of Crete, and the smaller islands in the vicinity of Crete, like the island of Thera to the north. 1600 to 1100 B. The Minoan legacy, however, was not lost. More about Minoan and Mycenaean art Bibliography and further reading about Late Bronze Age Greek architecture: The Oxford Handbook of the Bronze Age Aegean, by Eric Cline (2010). 1600–1100 BC). Rooms. It represents the first advanced and distinctively Greek civilization in mainland Greece with its palatial states, urban organization, works of art, and writing system. See more ideas about Ancient greece, Greek warrior and Ancient history. Get an answer for 'What were the major differences between the Minoan civilization and the Mycenaean civilization?' and find homework help for other Flowering of Minoan Civilization questions at The Minoan Civilzation The Minoan civilization flourished in the middle Bronze Age on the Mediterranean island of Crete from ca. D. Modern Living Room; White Living Room; Blue Living Room Large Krater, Men in Armor, Mycenaean Pictorial style, from House of the Warrior Vase, Mycenae acropolis, 12th century BC Done CL 172/HA 190B Art and Archaeology of the Aegean Bronze Age. 1300-1250 BCE. 5 - Duration: Here is image from Tholos (architecture), posted by Herbert Rau, on February 14, 2018, image size: 363kB, width: 1200, height: 878, Famous Architecture, Architectural Minoans VS Mycenaean. Whats the differences between Minoan and Mycenaean art. In the Roman Empire, politics were the reason architecture was being made; emperors commissioned the structures. Perhaps influenced by Egypt and the Near East and evolving through the monumental tombs of the A significant difference between the Minoans and Mycenaeans lies in their societies' respective dispositions towards warfare. Excavations at Mycenae were undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann only to be found that during this period, the Helladic culture in mainland Greece was altered though the influence from the Minoans in Crete, and the collapse of this civilization was brought about by the Dorian invasion …people, goes back to the Mycenaean civilization of about 1400–1100 bce, which itself was the heir of the pre-Hellenic civilization of Minoan Crete. A megaron is an architectural feature characteristic to the Myceneans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Minoan and Mycenaean Architecture, See Minoans and Mycenaeans Under History Features of Greek Architecture. 1500 BCE and, with their unique art and architecture, the Minoans made a The ancient Minoans founded the first urban civilization in European history, and they couldn't have done it without their architecture. It`s functional architecture is a most excellent example of the exceptional technological levels… Mycenaean Art. The World of the Ancient Greeks - Warfare. An architectural style is characterized by the features that make a building or other structure notable and historically identifiable. The Mycenaean civilization thrived between 1650 and 1200 BC. Jacquetta Hawkes" takes a detailed look into the Minoan social structure using the restored artifacts in her work Dawn of the Gods. on StudyBlue. Pictures were of such things as animals, people in There is a clear division between the architecture of the preceding Mycenaean culture and Minoan cultures and that of the Ancient Greeks, the techniques and an understanding of their style being lost when these civilizations fell. The architectural evidence at Pylos lends itself well How does Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations different? The Minoan architecture differed from the Myceneaean. The Greeks primary way of worship Cycladic Minoan Mycenaean. Military items have been found among the treasures of the Mycenaean age. Ancient Greek History - Minoan Civilization - 1. But he   4 Aug 2017 Minoan architecture and art had been so advanced that historians for one has plenty of artifacts of obvious Minoan and Mycenaean origin. Art by Giovanni Caselli (Minoan dress/user: Aethon) Characteristics of religious art vs. Haggis (eds. It contains 135 drawings and 24 plates. Sea Peoples Minoan Art Historical Architecture Ancient Architecture Cyclades Antigua Dark Ages Crete Mycenaean Tiryns was a hill fort with occupation ranging back seven thousand years, from before the beginning of the Bronze Age. Mycenaean art is marked by its circular structures and tapered domes with flat-bedded, cantilevered courses. The Minoans were the first Helleniccivilization. Benilde School of Architecture 1st Term S. • Rather than focus on death, they focused on building lavish palaces for their royalty. Mycenaean Greek Mycenaean Greek is the most ancient attested form of the Greek language, on the Greek mainland, Crete Crete and Cyprus Cyprus in Mycenaean Greece (16th to 12th centuries BC), before the hypothesised Dorian invasion, often cited as the terminus post quem for the coming of the Greek language to Greece. Minoan Crete. The Mycenaean conquest of Knossos ca. In architecture, by far the most important achievements were those of the civilizations of Minoan Crete and Mycenaean Greece. Origins of Greek Architecture. Before Mycenae: Middle Helladic Domestic Architecture and the Foundations of Mycenaean Culture. Explain how prehistoric Minoan and Mycenaean art and architecture may reveal contact with ancient civilizations from Egypt and the Near East. source: youtube. The Minoan civ specially in maritime technology and in architecture and the Mycenaean Minoans and mycenaeans presentation 1. At the time when ancient Egyptian and Mesopotamian cultures  4 Oct 2016 History of Architecture 1 Report by: SR DLS -College of St. . See more ideas about Mycenaean, Old jewelry and Antique jewellery. E. The 16th century carvings at Fatehpur Sikri, India are good examples of Mughal architecture (a derivative of Persian architecture) functioning similarly to Western architecture, but visually different in design. Palaces of the Minoan civilization Minoan civilization, ancient Cretan culture representing a stage in the development of the Aegean civilization. Minoan vs. Therefore, The Bull-Leaping Fresco in the Palace of Knossos is a prime example of this aspect of Minoan culture. The Palace of Knossos is the monumental symbol of Minoan civilisation and it was excavated by Sir Arthur Evans and Minos Kalokairinos Unable to understand their language, Linear A, one would look to these ancient works of art and prominent architecture for an insight into their life loving culture. Marble figurines, frescos, pottery and metalwork were artistic hallmarks of these cultures. These are the undeniable benefits of Evans’s restorations and among the aspects of a visit to Knossos that everyone values. METHOD OF INSTRUCTION: A variety of instructional methods may be used depending on content area. A la The most famous of the Mycenaean kings was named Agamemnon. Our understanding of Mycenaean Culture–the culture of Greece from about 1600 to 1100 BCE Minoan Culture–the culture of the island of Crete up until 1600 BCE–is complicated by the methods of archaologist Sir Arthur Evans, who excavated the Cretan Palace of Knossos and other sites in the early 1900s. However, through Dorian reign, elements of both cultures were incorporated into the art, architecture and literature of Classical Greece. Jones, “The Bronze Age Terracotta Statues from Ayia Irini, Kea and Their Costumes” Nov 2, 2016- Explore susnigeria's board "Historical Illustration - Giuseppi Rava", followed by 289 people on Pinterest. The Minoan period, very roughly 3000-1400 BC. Minoan: The Minoan civilization was a bronze age civilization on Crete, an island in . See the following page on Knossos - the Minoan palace Images Gallery Site. Minoan Trade Routes Minoan influence inthe Bronze Age can be traced through archaeology. However, despite this difference A major difference between Mycenaean and Minoan artwork are their treatments of the human figure and the world they live in. Descriptions of courses currently offered in specific terms are available on the current student blog. Material:Clay Mycenaean Woman (Fresco) Date ca. Greek Art and Archaeology term 1. A. It was during the Archaic period that Greek art and architecture attained its distinctive style. Pottery and wall art from the ancient Minoans: From around 2700 to 1450 BC, the Minoan civilization flourished as a seafaring and mercantile culture. 33 meters (237 x 139 feet). Don't know where it came from/or photographer here - no photo credits. Treasury of Atreus, Mycenae, Greece, ca. Greek Architecture - Unit #1 – The Fundamentals Summary #1: The Introduction of Temples and Foreign Influence, and the role of the Architect Upon the end of the Dark Ages, the Hellenic civilization began to form, introducing temples as the main architectural focus of that era (Lawrence, 58). The Minoan civilization has been described as the earliest of its kind in Europe, and historian Will Durant called the Minoans "the first link in the European chain". Though the columns appear Minoan in style, this is a Mycenaean innovation featuring the first example of monumental sculpture in Greek art. Essays Related to Minoans vs Mycenaens. Ancient architecture would be considered Non-European architecture from the dawn of civilization. The formulas they invented as early as the sixth century B. Ancient Greek architecture. Since Linear B was derived from Linear A, the script of an undeciphered Minoan language probably unrelated to Greek, it does not reflect fully the phonetics of Mycenaean. the company will also be closing the only plant that is exclusively dedicated to manufacturing the brute Knossos, the famous Minoan Palace lies 5 kilometres southeast of Heraklion in Crete. Tiny obscure bits and pieces of Minoan and Mycenaean culture continued on into classical Greece. Unless otherwise stated, all seminars begin at 6:30 pm at the Archaeological Society, 22 Panepistimiou, Athens; those planning to attend should inform the This email address is being protected from spambots. Mycenaean tombs. Minoan Crete: 2700-1450 BC. 1300 BC — This is a fairly large image of this Mycenean-era Minoan costume. Minoan Dress and Architecture. Mycenaean relative chronologies. Clearly Minoan traders and sailors journeyed far and wide in search for trade items, and, judging by the power and wealth apparent at Knossos, the Minoans came to dominate maritime trade in the eastern and central Mediterranean. I have written before about my undergraduate professor who compared the Minoan civilization to the “hippies” of the 1960s. Mycenaean, Minoan, Bronze Age, Crete, Cyprus, Archaeology. In some ways this style was a combination of the old geometric style and the newer influences from the East. Minoan and Mycenaean cultures, archaeologists have found fascinating artifacts, including frescoes, palaces, tombs, and other burial masks. • Discuss Minoan society and architecture. Apart from architecture, iconography and the written texts, the Homeric epics are also used as information sources on the Mycenaean religion despite the fact that the evidence of Homer comes mainly from later periods. ""The style of architecture used by the Mycenaeans in their cities developed during the Early Mycenaean period. The Mycenaean language is preserved in Linear B writing, which consists of about 200 syllabic signs and logograms. At 7,500 square metres, it is the third largest of the Minoan palaces. The Destruction of the Minoan Civilization The Minoan Civilization flourished 5000 years ago. The Mycenaeans also inhabited the ruins of Knossos on Crete, which was a major city during the Minoan era. Interior of the Treasury of Mycenaean: Mycenaean Greece, the last phase of the Bronze Age in ancient Greece, flourishing between 1600 BCE and the collapse of their bronze age civilization around 1100 BCE. Now, Mycenae is the name of this place, but that name also refers to the culture that dominated the Greek mainland between about 1600 and 1100 B. Mycenaean is the term applied to the art and culture of Greece from ca. Mycenaean - art and architecture is about defense. Their civilization was dominated by a warrior aristocracy. began. The most monumental of these are the so-called 'Treasury of Atreus' and 'Tomb of Clytaemnestra', with imposing fagades, originally decorated with green serpentin and red marble. The Minoan matriarchal religion existed side by side with the Mycenaean patriarchal religion of mainland Greece until the Minoans disappeared, conquered by the Mycenaeans. It seems to have been created simply for the sake of pleasure and adding beauty to a home or palace. Minoan Palaces on the Island of Crete, from the Second Palace Period, c. The program of the Minoan Seminar has been announced for Autumn 2010. Zeus temple model Large houses, temples and tombs today have a similar plan---with a main court, hall and private rooms---as their counterparts in ancient Greece. Unlike the Minoan Palace of Knossos, the Citadel of Mycenae was heavily fortified and featured many entrances. For convenience sake, we typicall divide Greek history up into the following periods: 1. Borgna, “From Minoan Crete to Mycenaean Greece and Beyond: The Dissemination of Ritual Practices and their Material Correlates in Ceremonial Architecture,” in J. Final palatial & Post palatial period. But when the Mycenaeans copied Minoan octopus pots, they painted the octopus much stiffer and more symmetrical, much less wild than the Minoan ones (and not looking so much like octopuses or seaweed). The Mycenaeans are the first Greeks, in other words, they were the first people to speak the Greek language. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, 2002, John C. The Mycenaean civilization transpired during the late Bronze Age or the late Helladic period around 1600 B. Mcenroe and others published Minoan Architecture: A Contextual Analysis. Along with another group of people,known as the Mycenaeans, they heavilyinfluenced the rest of Greekcivilization. The Minoan civilization flourished in the middle Bronze Age on the Mediterranean island of Crete from ca. 1750-1450 BCE. Heinrich Schliemann and the legend of Agamemnon Full text of "Minoan Mycenaean Religion And Its Survival In Greek Religion" See other formats An Introduction to Art and Culture in Ancient Egypt. Instead they uncovered bronze-age art of the Cyclades, the Minoans, and the Mycenaeans. The few surviving Mycenaean murals have been discovered at various Mycenaean settlements. The Mycenaeans, known more as cultural adopters than innovators, embraced Minoan culture as the foundation of their own. 7 Nov 2017 The civilization known as the Minoans built a huge palace on the island of Crete. C. Do not quote me on this, but I think that classical architecture is defined as architecture specifically from Europe and the Caucases. *Use one or two sites for your images to limit the amount you have to site. Maran and P. In the end of the Mycenean period, after the Greeks had conquered Crete, Mycenaean potters began to imitate Minoan (Cretan) pottery styles. In this lesson, we'll explore Minoan building design and Minoan Linear A, Linear B, Knossos & Mycenae Linear B, Knossos & Mycenae, the premier blog on the Internet dedicated solely to comprehensive & intensive research into Minoan Linear A, Mycenaean Linear B & Arcado-Cypriot Linear C, as well as to The Catalogue of Ships in Book II of the Iliad. The English archaeologist, Sir Arthur Evans, named the civilization after the legendary Cretan king, Minos, who was said to have kept a monster, called the Minotaur, in a complicated maze, called the Labyrinth, under his palace at Knossos. The main questions for this lecture are: How are a society’s structure and values reflected in their art and architecture? How do we know what we know about these societies, and what conclusions can we (or can’t we) draw from the available evidence? This style of architecture can be considered another indicator of Mycenaean material presence, and such architecture is found across the Aegean world showing a wide spread of Mycenaean culture. The archaeological material coming from Crete has made us rethink what roles men and women played in Minoan society, especially in comparison to the Mycenaean Greeks. As I said (or . Minoan: The Minoan civilization was a bronze age civilization on Crete, an island in the Aegean Sea. 1. The need for the fortifications, built during the years 1200 to 1400 BCE, was due to foreign invasions. The style of Mycenaean wall painting, for instance, is quite similar to Minoan work. This culture with tendency to be belic also develop awesome art pieces and impresive architecture skills. Mycenaean Minoan Creta Troy. It was only later, when the hunters and farmers settled down to establish civilizations that the terrain was further defined by the Minoan and Mycenaean kings. 1 Explain how prehistoric Minoan and Mycenaean art and architecture may reveal contact with ancient civilizations from Egypt and the Near East. '" Article/Conservation vs. The archaeological excavations which began during the second half of the 19th century brought to light important architectural remains from the Mycenaean civilization including palaces, fortresses, settlements and burial monuments. They adapted the writing of the Minoans to their own language. 2 The Prehistoric Aegean 3. The unique contribution of the Minoan civilization to European architecture is possibly most evident in the great palace structures of the major Minoan centres of Knossos, Phaistos, Malia and Zakros. A Mycenaean woman bearing a basket with gifts Minoans - The people of Crete between and BCE. Also, Minoan is transcribed phonetically and descriptively in Akkadian, Mycenaean and Egyptian sources, and the pre-Mycenaean toponyms and proper nouns of the Minoans are not in Dec 3, 2013- Explore vassiabak's board "Minoan & Mycenaean clothing" on Pinterest. after (ca. Download with Google Download with Facebook The archaeological correlate for the societies who were participating in the Trojan War in the Iliad and the Odyssey is the Helladic or Mycenaean culture. Doric and Ionic are the two most well known styles of Greek architecture. Consequently, the style and forms of Mycenaean sculpture are largely similar to those of the Minoans. Part 2 on the Mycenaean Civilization 2. Codification of the Law and associated imagery. What archaeologists think of as Mycenaean culture grew out of the Minoan cultures on the Greek mainland between 1600 and 1700 BC, and spread to the Aegean islands by 1400 BC. For example, if I take all my Minoan images from the same site I only have to cite one website. 1450 BC opened the road for the transmission of the most sophisticated Minoan achievements to Mainland Greece: palatial architecture, writing (in the form of Linear B), and religious iconography in the form of frescoes and engraved sealstones. Aegean Sea cultures - Minoan, Mycenaean and Ancient Greek Art. Their sophisticated culture thrived because of their powerful naval fleet. 1500 BC, resulted in the decline of the Minoan civilization of Crete. Later Greeks had no idea of the existence of Mycenaean civilization and thought these   His main field of specialisation is the archaeology and architecture of Early Iron Age and His research interests include Mycenaean and Minoan society ( especially ethnicity, *lawaks has a different met- rical shape than wanaks ( – – vs. 3 Goals • Identify the geographic area known as the Aegean. He was a . Today in class, I mentioned in passing that the Minoans used opium, and a question from one of my students led me to explore more of the artifacts that give evidence of opium use in Minoan culture. H53 2001. While on Crete there were only a few palace-temples (in the OT period), on the mainland powerful city states flourished. was divided into two main cultures. Check out our top Free Essays on Compare And Contrast Minoan And Mycenaean Culture to help you write your own Essay architecture cultural practices converge? The As they were 2 of the 3 first major greek civilizations (the first was the Cycladic) their influence was great. The Mycenaean civilization flourished in the late Bronze Age. Crete is the home to a civilizationknown as the Minoans. Architecture left over from Mycenae, the city Perseus is from. few details have ever been published on Mycenaean quarries. Minoan and Mycenaean Art, by Reynold Higgins (2nd revised edition 1997) The standard book for college students. More than 4,000 years ago the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers began to teem with life--first the Sumerian, then the Babylonian, Assyrian, Chaldean, and Persian empires. They used what wealth they did spend to finance military campaigns and lavish ceremonies when a military hero died. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization, located on the Ventris became an architect, but never lost his passion for Linear B. Start studying Minoan and Mycenaean Architecture. 1500 BCE and, with their unique art and architecture, the Minoans made a significant contribution to the development of Western European civilization as it is known today. The Minoan Civilization flourished on the Island of Crete from around 2600 B. To the south lie the Lasithi mountains. Female: At the Citadel at Mycenae. Think of both the influences of form, how things look as well as content, the meaning and uses. The Minoan culture dominated trade until. The Minoan architecture of Crete, was of trabeated form like that of Ancient Greece. However, the utilization of serpentinites is extremely limited in the Minoan palatial architecture. Mycenaean Greece: History | Culture | Warfare Arms. 22 x 42. , for reasons archeologists still have yet to discover, the Mycenaean culture began to flourish on mainland Greece and invaded Crete, where they encountered the Minoans. A good summary. Frescos, jewellery, pottery, sculpture etc. Around the same time I was receiving dire Odyssean warnings in Philadelphia, the problem of defining cultural identity at the conclusion of the Bronze Age, with special attention given to the terms Minoan and Mycenaean, was the central theme of a 2003 archaeological workshop, Ariadne’s Threads: Connections between Crete and the Greek Mainland Differences between Minoan and Mycenaean architecture and city planning, reasons for differences. Archaeologist have unearthed in  Architecture[edit]. Many cities were sacked. M. Some tree shrines enclosed growing This is the same study guide that you have in your Course Packet. 2016-17 September 2016. Yet this has been the case with the During the Mycenaean age, the Achaeans begin to truly develop their own cultural sophistication. Drawing is more awkward/less naturalistic than earlier Minoan frescos. ; Minoan after the mythical king of Crete, King Urban development and monumental architecture, esp. Minoan Protopalatial Causeway ,Theatre Phaistos "because of its elaborate layout, fine materials, and innovative properties, its function is still somewhat enigmatic. “Minoan” (after the legendary King Minos) was the name given by Sir Arthur Evans (an excavator early this century of the island of Crete) to the specifically Cretan culture that would otherwise be classified as Copper and Bronze Age. Minoan civilization -- Minoan Crete __ A wealth of Mycenaean pottery, the ceramic assemblage characteristic chiefly of the central and southern Greek mainland during the Aegean Late Bronze Age, began within a decade of the first discovery of substantial quantities of this artifactual class in the initial exploration of the chamber tomb cemeteries at Ialysos on Rhodes by A. The extraordinarily large blocks of stone around this lonely sculptural composition gave rise to the Minoan Art. Western architecture - Western architecture - Mycenaean Greece: The sudden architectural awakening of the Mycenaean Greek mainland is intimately connected with the zenith and decline of Minoan Crete and can only be understood against the background of a long Cretan development. The time period dates from the time of Greek unification (600BCE) to somewhere around the middle ages. Many of their accomplishments in art and architecture were unknown to the Greeks of the€ It is astonishing that history should lose all track of a civilization which lasts for six centuries, makes superb ceramics and metalwork, trades extensively over a wide region, and houses its rulers in palaces elaborately decorated with superb fresco paintings. On the island of Melos there are architectural remnants, pottery, and frescoes in Cretan style, similar to The Late Minoan (LM) II period at Knossos, c. Impact of war/defensive concerns on architecture and city planning. While the items we'll discuss are beautiful and tell us a lot about the artistic focus of Minoan culture, we'll also try to discern the line between fact and fiction when it comes to theories of a Minoan thalassocracy, or, the so-called Minoan 'empire of the sea. It will investigate the painting, sculpture, and architecture of these periods and place an emphasis on the elements of style which identify each period. The Minoans did not bring about this change, however. As they were 2 of the 3 first major greek civilizations (the first was the Cycladic) their influence was great. Living Room. *Origins of Greek Architecture*Palaces of the Minoan civilization [2] remain at Knossos and Phaestus on Crete. were incorporated into the art, architecture and Minoan Art 3000 1100 BC and Mycenaean Art 1600 1100 BC - Minoan art was remarkable because, for the most part, it did not seem to have religious or practical significance. The great maritime civilization of Crete crystallized around palaces such as those at Knossos, Phaestus, Ayía Triáda, Mallia, and Tylissos. the symbolism of war as expressed in defensive architecture, reflected by the  27 Sep 2019 Minoan and Mycenaean ArchitectureCultural Background. See the following page on Knossos - the Minoan palace 3. The end of the Minoan civilization is caused by several factors one of them the Achaean invasion, in 1450 BC, where they suffered the invasion of the Mycenaean. Many outdoor nature shrines have been discovered some in caves, others on hill tops. Early wheel-made Mycenaean pottery (1550-1450 BCE) from mainland Greece has been described as 'provincial Cretan' which does convey the fact that although shapes and decorative styles were of Cretan origin, the final decoration was not quite as finely executed as in Minoan centres such as Knossos and Phaistos. How does Minoan and Mycenaean civilizations different? The Minoan architecture differed from the Myceneaean. They were so intellectually advanced for their time period, that they have made a significant contribution to the development of the Western European civilization. There is no prerequisite for this course. 5 Historyden. have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia. Compare and contrast the Egyptian styles of wall painting with Minoan wall paintings both in terms of form and content. The Mycenaeans came to dominate most of mainland Greece and several islands, extending trade relations to other Bronze Age cultures in such places as Cyprus , the Levant , and Egypt . As with the art of the Mycenaeans, their architecture owes a great deal to the influence of the Minoans of Crete (see Minoan Art and Mycenaean Art). Check this class website regularly for the most recent version and for helpful links and extra materials. Also very famous was architecture. Aegean Art and Architecture Call Number: N5660 . R. Map of Principal Sites of Minoan and Mycenaean Art. Title Page Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in . Architecture was a medium through which Minoans constructed their notions of social, ethnic, and historical identity: the buildings tell us about how the Minoans saw themselves, and how they wanted to be seen by others. As noted earlier, monumental sculpture was rare among the Aegean cultures. all aspects of art - pottery, The Mycenaean and Minoan civilizations mutually influenced each other. What has survived to our day from Minoan art provides insight into the culture that flourished in Crete during Prehistoric times. Architecture After about 600 B. Egyptian sources also prove the presence of Minoan traders and craftsmen (and even physicians) in ancient Egypt. Its famous gate, The Lion Gate, is known for its keystone depicting two of the animal. Here too excavations have unearthed evidence of great skill and artistry. The Mycenaean civilization consisted of little monarchies of an Oriental type with an administration operated by a bureaucracy, and it seems to have operated an educational system… Read More Chapter 4 - The Prehistoric Aegean 1. Sep 7, 2019- The Minoan civilization flourished in the middle Bronze Age on the Mediterranean island of Crete (circa 2000-1500 BC). Many similarities and differences exist between palace complexes in the Minoan and Mycenaean state; however, this brief essay will argue that differences, as seen in art and architecture, signal that the Mycenaeans – while they did borrow from the Minoans – were a distinctively different culture. Terrenato and D. Minoan, Mycenaean and Cretan Art. Women in the Aegean Minoan Snake Goddess. Many people of the Mycenaean civilization had migrated to other places because they felt insecure and then there was an invasion by Dorians and Sea people. The stone architecture of Mycenae is unique in its kind, influenced by many civilizations like the Minoans in Crete. Mycenae and Minoan Crete smaller settlements continued with a mixed Minoan-Mycenaean tradition; new pottery, architecture, and other features on the Greek Mycenaean culture was based around its main cities in Mycenae, Tiryns, Pylos, Athens, Thebes, Orchomenos, and Folksier. The Minoans ruled on the island of Crete, south of the Greek mainland in the Mediterranean Sea, from 2000 to 1600 BCE. See more ideas about Minoan, Ancient greece and Mycenaean. The Greeks trace their culture back to two earlier cultures known as the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. Minoan Palace Architecture. The geography of ancient Greece actually relates to the lands traversed by the nomadic Stone Age man. Minoan and Mycenaean Architecture Cultural Background. Architecture, art and religious practices were assimilated by the Mycenaean (from the Minoan’s) and adapted to better express the perhaps more militaristic and strict and severe Mycenaean culture. (See also: Minoan Architecture. Mycenae is celebrated by Homer as the seat of King Agamemnon, who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. United tribes from NW Greece and Asia Minor invaded Peloponnesus, the southern Aegean Islands and Crete, ending Mycenaean rule. Brought to you by Smarthistory. The name derives from the site of Mycenae in the Peloponnesos, where once stood a great Mycenaean fortified palace. Ceremonial "labrys" (symmetrical double headed axe) Aegean Page __ Excellent galleries of Minoan, Mycenaean, photo display of Minoan art and architecture. Lerna - MH Architecture: Apsidal Long House with associated yard and storeroom Plan and cross-section of a tholos tomb. Billiotti and A. Of or relating to Mycenae or its inhabitants. Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural style in the mainland there were two important periods of development in building that had come before. There is a multitude of art throughout time that was created as symbolic re-enactments of this early process of domestication of the wild, and the bull was a common subject, especially for Minoan art. There seems to have been a prominence of goddess worship that may relates to the myth of a peaceful culture that occurred in the pre-historic past and was later swallowed up by the sea. were the religious beliefs, customs and policies of Greek religion and how did the gods fit in? Background Greek religion spans from the Minoan and Mycenaean periods to the days of Hellenistic (ending in 31 B. #Faience dress with #crocus flowers from the #Temple Repositories at #Knossos #Minoan #Barbie. Architecture, art and religious practices were assimilated and adapted to better express the perhaps more militaristic and austere Mycenaean culture. The Na ture of Minoan and Mycenaean Involvement in the Northeastern Aegean 17. The Mycenaean tholos tomb consists of a circular, subterranean burial chamber, sometimes referred to as the {thalamos}, roofed by a corbelled vault and approached by a dromos [the entrance corridor to a tomb of the Mycenaean period] that narrows abruptly at the stomion [doorway] actually opening The story of Aegean art is primarily the story of Minoan art; Mycenaean art is, for the most part, clearly based on Minoan models. The Minoans were named after the legendary King Minos. Today this writing is called "Linear B. Minoan pottery has also been found in Egypt. The Minoan civ specially in maritime technology and in architecture and the Mycenaean A few archaeologists suggest that the destruction of the Minoan civilization began with the eruption of the volcano and the tsunami, but was completed by the invasion of the Mycenaean civilization, another very old and powerful Greek civilization, from the mainland. Rebecca Worsham. Some of the sculptures of the human body which were made by the ancient Greeks show us how fine their knack of sculpting was as the detailing which they gave was immaculate. A style may include such elements as form, method of construction, building materials, and regional character. One on these, called Cretan or Minoan was. 7 Jan 2019- Explore uklasius's board "ΕΛΛΑΔΑ ΜΑΣ" on Pinterest. Furthermore, others have suggested that the Crete of the Minoans may be Plan of the Ò Palace of NestorÓ (Pylos) A - megaron B - vestibule C - porch D,M,R - courts E - propylon F - columned porch G - pantries H,J,W - storerooms The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan civilization (2000-1450 BCE) which had spread from its origins at Knossos, Crete to include the wider Aegean. Within these locations, there was a distinct form of architecture, as well as specific types of pottery, frescoes, weaponry, jewellery and clothing. Arthur Evans, an architect from the Oxford Museum in England, went to Crete to lead the excavation. Mycenaean-influenced settlements also appeared in Epirus, Macedonia, on islands in the Aegean Sea, on the coast of Asia Minor, the Levant, Cyprus and Italy. In any case, after just a few years, the palace at Pylos was destroyed, circa 1180 BC. Unlike the Minoan palaces in Crete, Mycenaean palaces, looked like fortresses. 1470-1420 BC, represented a pivotal point in the history of the Aegean Bronze Age, but the full extent to which it shaped the following centuries has yet to be fully appreciated or studied. For instance "an exceptional feature of the architecture of Minoan  Minoan civilization, centred on the Palace of Knossos, in ancient Crete, where They often exhibit the same artistic and architectural motifs as the palaces, though where it had a major impact on the emerging Mycenaean civilization; on the  Restoration versus conservation The beautiful, although sometimes inaccurate, restorations of architecture and wall paintings by Evans Room and most of the frescos), are understood as being of Mycenaean construction (not Minoan). Minoan lifestyle and its impact on art. Development of Agriculture as a social catalyst. Sep 16, 2019- I always thought that Minoan art and architecture were just perfect for sunny, athletic, hedonistic, seaside Southern California See more ideas about Minoan art, Minoan and Mycenaean. Specialization of labor. An example of architecture influence by culture are Minoan and Mycenaean architecture. Minoan Fresco by Ancient Images. Just better. SYLLABUS: This schedule is subject to change and addition. > The Greeks trace their culture back to two earlier cultures known as the Minoans and the Mycenaeans. The Minoan name for the Palace is not known and it takes its name from a local town. ) The great building which replaced it was constructed round a large central courtyard, reached by the winding passages recalled in the story of the maze (Labyrinth) through Mycenaean Woman (Fresco) Date ca. restoration: the Palace at Knossos Concurrently, the late 13th century (and early 12th century) also saw the rise of fortified architecture in major Mycenaean settlements, with massive stone ramparts being constructed to protect their citadels and palaces. 1500 BC when the Mycenaeans took control. Cypro Minoan Tablet from Enkomi in the Louvre. Mycenaeans synonyms, Mycenaeans pronunciation, Mycenaeans translation, English dictionary definition of Mycenaeans. We draw on dual- 7 processual theory to suggest that similarity and dis-parity between Mycenaean and Minoan architecture reflect distinct forms of sociopolitical organization present in these societies. The Minoan civilization flourished in the middle Bronze Age on the Mediterranean island of Crete (circa 2000-1500 BC). Czujko, “The Mycenaean Kylix at Mt. Part of the attraction of the figurines is that they can be interpreted as embodying many of the perceived, and admired, characteristics of the Minoans: their elegant, fashionable costumes, their physical gracefulness, their sensitive yet forthright personalities, their Model of the Sanctuary of Delphi: 1) The temple of Apollo 2) The altar 3) The naxians Sphinx 4) The hall of Athens 5) The bronze tripod of Plataea 6) The Theater Münster, Museum der Westfällschen Whilhelms-Universität Exhibition “Die Unsterblichen Götter Griechenlands” Munich. Ancient Greek architects strove for the precision and excellence of workmanship that are the hallmarks of Greek art in general. The Minoan civilization was an Aegean Bronze Age civilization that was rich with culture, art and architecture. into the lives of women who lived in Mycenaean-controlled Knossos. Art by Giovanni Caselli (Minoan dress/user: Aethon) The first cultures in Greece arose in the later 3 rd and 2 nd millennia: the Minoans on Crete and the Mycenaean's on the mainland. It represents the first advanced civilization in mainland Greece. Witcombe. 5. HISTORY OF AEGEAN CIVILIZATION including Minoans, Mycenae, Trade and This style of architecture has been appropriately named Cyclopean, after the  To identify at least 3 similarities and 3 differences using a matrix Minoans VS Minoans benefited from trade and created glorious art and architecture. An example of a unique feature of Mycenaean architecture is found in this  Minoan architecture used columns much as Egyptian architecture did. from the Minoan and Mycenaean Bronze Age cultures. Persian (Iranian) Art It was likely built by the same architects who previously constructed the Roman Colosseum. Ratigan, “‘Shared Objects of Thought’: Reconstructions of Late Minoan IB Architecture at Mochlos” S. This gold burial mask is known famously as the Mask of Agamemnon, the heroic king of Mycenae in Homer's Iliad. That is, much of their art and architecture was acquired from contacts with Minoan civilization. They assimilated elements of the previous culture (Minoan) especially in the artisanal part where naturalistic elements with flowers own of the Minoans culture are seen in the first stage. This lecture is split into two main sections: Minoan and Mycenaean art. Fitzsimons, “Monumental Architecture and the Construction of the Mycenaean State,” in N. The Mycenaeans took over the islands of the Minoans and adopted much of the Minoan culture. The ancient Greece of ancient Greece, if you will E. The most impressive work is that of the Dendra panoply, a complete suit of Mycenaean armor. • Note that focus of architecture is on gathering places simplified versions of former Mycenaean and Minoan designs Greek architecture the art of building that arose on the shores of the Aegean Sea and flourished in the ancient world. It is now thought that the first monumental architecture to be erected on the Malia site dates back to EM IIB. These are the cultures that were the source of later Greek myths, and whos Free research essays on topics related to: b c e, bronze age, asia minor, divided into three, minoan civilization; Hundreds Of Years Mycenaean imitation of Minoan Marine ware, 15th century B. The vibrant Minos culture was centred around the island of Crete and eventually dominated the Agean region. Minoan Civilization • Minoan civilization is where we get the myths about the minotaur (half man, half bull) of King Minos and the labyrinth originated. Today, Minoan art and artifacts are widely known. Y. plan of a Minoan palace alongside that of a Mycenaean, the similarities are striking. For a list of course offerings for the current term, please see the UO Class Schedule. mighty motors is suffering losses in the current economy and has decided to stop manufacturing the mighty brute, an suv with horrible gas mileage that simply isn't selling. No. Whereas the Mycenaeans seem to have been rather aggressive and war-like, the Minoans, alternatively, were relatively peaceful. also My·ce·ne·an adj. ranges, climatic variability) remain in need of a more intense of Minoan architecture (ashlar masonry, pie r-and Study 31 Art History Aegean Art flashcards from Alex C. Ancient Minoan Art and Architecture The Minoans of the Bronze Age decorated the palaces with wall paintings, such as this bull wall painting and also animals such as dolphins. Most of the art found from the Minoan culture depicts humans and their world in a more realistic way, while Mycenaean cultures depict humans in a much more stylized way. The Mycenaean civilization was located on the Greek mainland, mostly on the Peloponnese, the southern peninsula of Greece. Mycenaean) populated mainland Greece. Home Design. Stockhammer (eds. The Ancient Minoans and Mycenaeans . In contrast to the Minoans, the Mycenaean leaders built fortresses — enormous walled structures that contained a  Groups will begin to analyze the Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations from the 1500 BCE and, with their unique art and architecture, the Minoans made a. Minoan Civilization Art and Architecture. In summary, one might say that the Minoan palaces with their colonnades, central courts, imaginative use of space and general splendour, laid the ground plan for future Aegean civilizations, in particular the Mycenaeans and Greeks, who would incorporate many of these features into their own monumental architecture. Minoan Architecture. The Mycenaean sites started to decrease in the Greece (as read in the ancient scripts return in the Mycenaean civilization time period. This is similar to defensive architecture discussed in the Ancient Near East. • 3 Periods: – Early Minoan (pre‐Palace Period) Minoan maiden with prayer beads Fresco . The Minoans: Classical Mythology and Modern Archeology While Greek history is often considered to have begun with the first Olympiad in 776 BCE, it is obvious that this is not the case. " Collapse of the Mycenaeans The Mycenaean civilization began to collapse around 1250 BC when many of their cities were burnt to the ground. Minoan and Mycenaean Art Call Number: N5660 . 3. The Minoan 'palatial' (temple) architecture and the development of an advanced writing system are just few elements of culture the Minoans imported from Egypt. Art in Ancient Egypt Volume 1 Apple Books, 2019: A Survey Art in Ancient Egypt from Predynastic Times to the Graeco-Roman Period. Mycenaean Minoan Roman Art Ancient Architecture Bronze Age Greek Men Ancient Greek Art Art Object Art Reproductions In the second half of the nineteenth century, archaeologists began to focus on understanding prehistoric Greece and its extraordinary flowering during the Greek Bronze Age (about 3000–1050 B. There are a number of powerful reasons for studying the Minoan culture and its women including its obvious influence. Ventris   As Minoan culture expanded and attention turned to public buildings and palaces , Minoan artists began designing large frescos for the walls of these buildings,  Kids learn about the early history of Ancient Greece including the Minoans and Mycenaeans, the city of The Mycenaean civilization began to collapse around 1250 BC when many of their cities were burnt to the ground. In the late 19th century, private landowners on Crete found ancient ruins on their property. Minoan Crete, Troy, and pre-Mycenaean Greece 6 . Meanwhile, imposing palaces were built in the main Mycenaean centers of the . It seems not to have commemorated historical events, like battles or treaties. , building the foundation for classical Greek culture. Write a summary of the history of Minoan Crete. ), State Formation in Italy and Greece: Questioning the Neoevolutionist Paradigm (Oxford 2011) 75-118. to 1200 B. The Minoans began to settle in colonies away from Crete, including on the islands of the Cyclades, Rhodes, and in Egypt. com) Mycenaean art survives in the form of pottery, frescoes, and jewellery. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the earlier Minoan Art and Architecture in Ancient Greece. According to theories for a “Mycenaean” presence at Knossos from the LMII onwards based on the funerary architecture, artefacts associated with the interments and the burial practices, the examined burials from the Sellopoulo and KSP tombs should belong to non-locals, possibly from the Argolid (Hood, 1957, pers commun. Summarize some of the key points in the reading on Mycenaean Greece. The elliptical structure measures 147 x 117 meters (482 x 384 feet), with the arena floor measuring 72. mighty motors is a major automobile manufacturer with assembly plants in small towns throughout the united states. The two principal orders in Archaic and Classical Greek architecture are the Doric and the Ionic. * To search for images, use "Minoan art and architecture" or Mycenaean art and architecture" The Palace of Knossos is located just south of modern-day Heraklion near the north coast of Crete. The beautiful, although sometimes inaccurate, restorations of architecture and wall paintings by Evans evoke the elegance and skill of Minoan architects and painters. Minoan Seminar. Mycenaean Greece (or Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece (c. Minoans VS Mycenaean Crete-island 3,189 square mi *Legend: birthplace of Zeus *Mycenae-city NE of Peloponnesian Peninsula Legend: Founded by Perseus culture developed on Crete about 3000BCE Maritime Culture Trade routes with Spain, Egypt, Canaan, and Asia Minor Social = egalitarian Recreation like dance, music, bull leaping Minoans: Peaceful All this affected Mycenean art, notably their architecture: their cities were surrounded by thick walls composed of massive blocks of stone, some of which endures at Tiryns, and at Mycenae itself, where the city was entered via the Lion Gate. Mycenaean Greece (or the Mycenaean civilization) was the last phase of the Bronze Age in Ancient Greece, spanning the period from approximately 1600–1100 BC. The Minoan civilization is particularly notable for its large and elaborate palaces up to four stories high, featuring elaborate plumbing systems and decorated with frescoes. It is believed to have been built around 2000 B. Archaeologist have unearthed in Crete a Minoan landscape filled with tombs, palaces, villas, towns and the roads that connected them. centered on the island of Crete. Decline and fall The Diwan-i-Khas, built by Mughal Emperor Akbar for his most intimate guests, shows very intricate and ornate corbels. It is extremely crucial to remember that ‘Minoan’ and ‘Mycenaean’ are just labels of convenience. • Discuss the visual aspects and possible context of the Cycladic sculptures. The art of the Minoans speak of a society of joyous disposition, in touch with their environment, and in awe of the logical order of the natural world. Minoan and Mycenaean history: problems with sources. ) Greece, when the Romans invaded and took over Greece. 1700-1400 B. In the Mycenaean architecture, like in the Minoan, emphasis was put on palaces rather than on temples. 18 Feb 2013 The Mycenaean architecture is directly influenced by the precedent Minoan civilization but bears lots of differences probably because of the  2 Oct 2019 The presence of double axe carvings and horns of consecration in art and architecture suggest strong links with the Minoan religion, although  Minoan architecture consists of several structures which acted as centers for commercial, religious, and administrative life. Minoan Architecture MINOANS and the Myceans were the precursor to the Greecian culture and philosophies. Some current research by Barbara Olsen suggests child-rearing by may not have been the primary job of a woman in Minoan culture, at least based on evidence of artwork. Architecture The most significant Mycenaean achievement was the invention of a new writing that the official language of the Mycenaean palaces was the Greek language. Since the archeological pickax unearthed the first findings of the Minoan Palace in Knossos, almost 100 years ago, the cause of the destruction of the Minoan Civilization has been a subject of controversy and dispute among scientists. , the Greeks began building temples to honor their gods. The Snake Goddess in Minoan Culture. Minoan art is characterized by an exquisite naturalness combined with a disconcerting The Minoans and Mycenaeans A few interesting links: Minoan and Mycenaean art and architecture Linear B and Other Ancient Scripts Heinrich Schliemann Basic overview/time periods of Greek History. Salzmann, and Heinrich Schliemann's better-known Unlike the Minoan kings, who shared wealth with their people in the form of surplus food, art, and architecture, the Mycenaean kings hoarded wealth. The main difference is due to the Minoans being primarily a naval power and the Mycenaeans a land power. Mycenaean and Minoan art melded, forming a cultural amalgamation that is found on Crete (figurines, sculptures and (piano music) Male: We're on the top of a small mountain looking over a valley and the Aegean Sea. Built by a civilization that we call the Minoans, it covers about 150,000 square feet (14,000 There is a clear division between the architecture of the preceding Mycenaean culture and Minoan cultures and that of the Ancient Greeks, the techniques and an understanding of their style being lost when these civilizations fell. ARCHITECTURE Historical Background. Greek Architecture Minoan The Most Famous Architectural The architecture of ancient Greece is the architecture produced by the Greek-speaking people (Hellenic people) whose culture flourished on the Greek mainland, the Peloponnese, the Aegean Islands, and in colonies in Anatolia and Italy for a period from about 900 BC until the 1st century AD, with the earliest remaining architectural works 3 The Minoan influence on the Mycenaeans was obvious in more than just their architecture. 19th century archaeologists sought evidence for Homer's epic poems. Christopher L. Tomb 2, Argive Prosymna Marine-Style pottery, of which this vessel is a prime example, is regarded as the pinnacle of Minoan palatial pottery production, specifically of the LM I period (around 1400 B. They retain some of the traditions and influences that came during the Minoan period, which originated under the Minoan Cretes. Here We explore the Minoan Civilization from Ancient Greece in this video. They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or offer thanksgiving to the patron deity of a Nine royal tholos tombs were built in the immediate vicinity of the Mycenaean citadel in the 15th and 14th centuries BC. The prehistoric Aegean consisted of the Cycladic Islands, Crete, and the Greek mainland. The Mycenaeans were influenced by the Minoan civilization from the island of Crete who were,  15 Apr 2018 Around 1700 BC, a great earthquake shook the island of Crete and knocked down the palaces (or big houses) that many people had been  3 Dec 2010 MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN. The The Deir el-Bahri was located further to avoid flooding, local materials also influenced how architecture was made in all non-trading civilizations. Mycenaean clothing When the Minoan culture disappeared in about 1600 B. The other culture, Helladic (who became. During this period, Minoan trade increased and the Minoans were considered to rule the Mediterranean trading routes between Greece, Egypt, Anatolia, the Near East, and perhaps even Spain. The Greeks believed that the female chthonic gods were older than their Olympian gods and many speculate that the Greek god-system evolved from the Minoan Earth goddess. Plan of the Palace of Knossos, c. The answers are in red. This book provides a brief, clear account of the main developments in the history of the Greek, Etruscan and Roman architecture, from the earliest times to the foundation of Constantinople. Before the flowering of the classic Greek architectural style in the mainland there  Find out more about Mycenaean architecture in this lesson. This was a significant advance in roman architecture, so I figured it deserved a place on my board. mycenaean architecture vs minoan architecture

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